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J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury



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4 "Cardiac tamponade"
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Original Article
Treatment results of cardiac tamponade due to thoracic trauma at Jeju Regional Trauma Center, Korea: a case series
Jeong Woo Oh, Minjeong Chae
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(3):180-186.   Published online January 31, 2023
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to report the treatment results of patients with traumatic cardiac tamponade after the opening of Jeju Regional Trauma Center.
We analyzed the treatment outcomes of patients with traumatic cardiac tamponade who were treated at Jeju Regional Trauma Center from January 2018 to August 2022.
Seven patients with traumatic cardiac tamponade were treated. The male to female ratio was 1.33:1 (four male and three female patients) and the average age was 60.3±7.2 years. The mechanism of injury was blunt trauma in six cases and penetrating injury in one case. Upon arrival at the emergency department, pericardiostomy was performed in four cases, and an emergency operation was performed in six cases. Pericardiostomy alone was performed in one patient, who had cardiac tamponade due to extrapericardial suprahepatic inferior vena cava rupture. The causes of cardiac tamponade were right atrium appendage rupture in one case, right ventricle rupture in one case, inferior vena cava rupture in two cases, right atrium and left atrium rupture in one case, both atria and left ventricle rupture in one case, and intercostal artery rupture in one case. In three cases, intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass was required. Two of the seven patients died (mortality rate, 28.5%).
Relatively favorable treatment results were observed for traumatic cardiac tamponade patients after Jeju Regional Trauma Center was established.
Case Reports
Extra-Pericardial Tamponade due to Internal Thoracic Artery Rupture after Blunt Trauma: A Case Report
Dongsub Noh, Sung Wook Chang, Dae Sung Ma
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(3):183-186.   Published online September 30, 2021
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Cardiac tamponade is an acute life-threatening condition that predominantly involves the intra-pericardial space; however, an expanding mediastinal hematoma can also sometimes cause cardiac tamponade. Here we describe the case of a 45-year-old male driver in whom a traffic accident resulted in rupture of the left internal thoracic artery (ITA), extra-pericardial hematoma, and sternal fracture. After resuscitation, he was scheduled to undergo angio-embolization to repair the ruptured left ITA, but he suddenly developed cardiac tamponade that required a decompressive sternotomy. Nevertheless, the patient had an uncomplicated recovery, and this case suggests that extra-pericardial cardiac tamponade should be considered as a possible consequence of retro-sternal hematoma due to traumatic ITA rupture.



Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Traumatic Pseudoaneurysms of the Internal Mammary Artery: Two Cases and Percutaneous Intervention
    Kayla A. Aikins, Zoé N. Anderson, Timothy M. Koci
    Diagnostics.2023; 14(1): 63.     CrossRef
Traumatic Tricuspid Regurgitation as a Cause of Failure to Wean from Mechanical Ventilation
Yang Bin Jeon, Chul Hyun Park, Dae Sung Ma
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(4):264-268.   Published online November 19, 2020
  • 2,761 View
  • 57 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

A 55-year-old man underwent emergent sternotomy due to cardiac tamponade occurring just after an accidental fall from a 10-m height. Tricuspid valve regurgitation was found on echocardiography while he was on mechanical ventilation after the operation. The patient was weaned successfully from mechanical ventilation after tricuspid valve repair under cardiopulmonary bypass. Traumatic tricuspid valve regurgitation is a rare blunt chest injury and its symptoms occur late. Tricuspid regurgitation should be considered as a reason for failure to wean from mechanical ventilation after blunt cardiac trauma.

A Case for Chest Wall Panetrating Injury by Nail Gun
Jae Jin Kim, Jin Hui Paik, Ji Hye Kim, Seung Baik Han, Sung Hyun Yun, Jun Sig Kim, Hyun Min Jung
J Trauma Inj. 2013;26(1):26-29.
  • 1,119 View
  • 3 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We describe the case of a 56-year-old man who had been shot by a pneumatic nail gun in the chest during work. He had removed the nail by himself immediately at the accident field. He visited to the emergency department of a local hospital and, after a simple dressing and simple history had been taken, he was referred to our emergency department for penetrating thoracic injury. Immediately, Transthoracic echocardiography were done and showed moderate hemopericardium. Patient had been hydrated and transported to the operating room. After cardiac wound repaired by midsternotomy, the patient was discharged on the 13th postoperative day without complications except mild mitral valve regurgitation.

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury