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Original Articles
Perioperative complications of the modified Stoppa approach for the treatment of pelvic bone fractures: a single-institution review of 48 cases
Hyeonjoon Lee, Suenghwan Jo, Gwangchul Lee, Yongjin Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(1):19-24.   Published online November 23, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0061
  • 3,983 View
  • 83 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The current study aimed to report the perioperative complications of the modified Stoppa approach for the treatment of pelvic bone fractures. Methods: We analyzed 48 consecutive operations in 45 patients who were treated with internal fixation using the modified Stoppa approach between March 2016 and July 2018. This included three revision operations. The mean age of the patients was 54.5 years, and the patients included 35 male patients and 10 female patients. All fractures occurred as a consequence of high-energy trauma and 70.3% had associated injuries at the time of the fracture. The mean Injury Severity Score was 9.03±5.60. The perioperative complications found during and immediately after surgery were recorded and were classified into three categories: vascular injuries, nerve injuries, and other complications. Results: Overall, 14 perioperative complications (29.2%) in 14 cases were identified. The most common complications were nerve injuries, which occurred in seven cases, all involving the obturator nerve. Uncontrollable vascular injuries occurred in six cases, which required additional incisions and support of vascular surgeons or postoperative interventions. Additionally, one case of peritoneal tearing occurred, which required help from an abdominal surgeon. Conclusions: While the modified Stoppa approach seems to be a viable method to treat pelvic fractures, significant perioperative complications may occur, suggesting that surgeons should pay careful attention to minimize the damage to other structures and that appropriate support from other surgical departments is paramount.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Severe intraoperative vascular bleeding as main complication of acetabular fractures treated with plate osteosynthesis via the modified Stoppa approach
    Julia Riemenschneider, Maren Janko, Tilmann Vollrath, Christoph Nau, Ingo Marzi
    Injury.2023; 54(7): 110773.     CrossRef
Essential Factors in Predicting the Need for Angio-Embolization in the Acute Treatment of Pelvic Fracture with Hemorrhage
Seok-Won Yang, Hee-Gon Park, Sung-Hyun Kim, Sung-Hyun Yoon, Seung-Gwan Park
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(2):101-106.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2019.008
  • 3,264 View
  • 51 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the essential factors for prompt arrangement of angio-embolization in patients with pelvic ring fractures.

Methods

A total of 62 patients with pelvic ring fractures who underwent angio-embolization in Dankook University Hospital from March 2013 to June 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 38 men and 24 women with a mean age of 59.8 years. The types of pelvic ring fractures were categorized according to the Tile classification. Patient variables included sex, initial hemoglobin concentration, initial systolic blood pressure, transfused packed red blood cells within 24 hours, Injury Severity Score (ISS), mortality rate, length of hospital stay, and time to angio-embolization.

Results

The most common pelvic fracture pattern was Tile type B (n=34, 54.8%). The mean ISS was 27.3±10.9 with 50% having an ISS ≥25. The mean time to angio-embolization from arrival was 173.6±89 minutes. Type B (180.1±72.3 minutes) and type C fractures (174.7±91.3 minutes) required more time to angio-embolization than type A fractures (156.6±123 minutes). True arterial bleeding was identified in types A (35.7%), B (64.7%), and C (71.4%).

Conclusions

It is important to save time to reach the angio-embolization room in treating patients with pelvic bone fractures. Trauma surgeons need to consider prompt arrangement of angio-embolization when encountering Tile type B or C pelvic fractures due to the high risk of true arterial bleeding.

Summary
Case Reports
Minimally Invasive Stabilization with Percutaneous Screws Fixation of APC-3 Pelvic Ring Injury
Beom-Soo Kim, Jong-Keon Oh, Jae-Woo Cho, Do-Hyun Yeo, Jun-Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):60-65.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.015
  • 6,030 View
  • 123 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Pelvic fractures are associated with life-threatening injuries and high rates of morbidity and mortality. Management of internal blood loss associated with unstable pelvic ring injuries is paramount during the initial period. The reconstruction of the pelvic ring is of importance because it is a major contributor to the stability of the pelvic ring. We report the case of a 25-year-old man who had an unstable pelvic ring fracture combined with rupture of an obturator artery and had a successful and satisfactory treatment using minimally invasive surgery with percutaneous antegrade screw fixation.

Summary
Combination of Anterior and Posterior Subcutaneous Internal Fixation for Unstable Pelvic Ring Injuries: The “Hula Hoop Technique”
Daniel Balbachevsky, Robinson Esteves Pires, Rodrigo Guerra Sabongi, The?philo Asfora Lins, Geiser de Souza Carvalho, H?lio Jorge Alvachian Fernandes, Fernando Baldy dos Reis
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):51-59.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.003
  • 5,354 View
  • 104 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Unstable pelvic ring lesions are usually treated with internal fixation. In patients presenting clinical instability or soft tissue complication risk, external fixation is a safe treatment option. However, pin tract infection, insufficient biomechanical properties, difficulty sitting and changing decubitus are important drawbacks related to the treatment. The present study reports the association of anterior and posterior subcutaneous internal fixation by applying spine-designed implants on the pelvic ring disruption: supra-acetabular pedicle screws with an interconnecting rod (Infix), plus posterior transiliac fixation with the same system, which the authors have named the “Hula Hoop Technique”.

Summary
Original Articles
The Effect of Trauma Team Approach on the Management of Hemodynamically Unstable Pelvic Bone Fracture: Retrospective Comparative study
Won Tae Cho, Jae Woo Cho, Jinil Kim, Jin Kak Kim, Jong Keon Oh, Hak Jun Kim, Namryeol Kim, Jun Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2016;29(4):139-145.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2016.29.4.139
  • 2,583 View
  • 22 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The major pelvic trauma results in high mortality with associated fatal other injuries. During early stage of resuscitation, multidisciplinary approach is essential to improve the survival and outcomes. This study aims to report the effect and positive outcome of the trauma team approach on the management of hemodynamically unstable pelvic bone fracture.
METHODS
This retrospective review included all patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic bone fracture admitted between March 2007 and December 2015. Patients were divided into group A, which comprised those admitted before the trauma team approach was started, and group B, which comprised those admitted after the approach was started. The advanced trauma life support protocol was followed for all patient. The comparisons between the two groups were based on medical records. Study variables included demographics, initial vital sign, injury severity score, fracture type, and injury mechanism. We analyzed the outcomes in each group with respect to the time interval for doctors' arrival, total length of stay in the emergency department (ED), time interval for computed tomography evaluation, 24-hour mortality, time interval for definitive fixation, and definitive fixation in the time-window of opportunity.
RESULTS
Fifty-three patients met the inclusion criteria. No statistically significant differences in demographic data existed between the two groups. The time interval for doctors' arrival (min, 63.09±50.48 vs 21.48±17.75; p=0.038) and total length of stay in the ED (min, 269.33±105.96 vs 115.49±56.24; p=0.023) were significantly improved. The 24-hour mortality was not significantly different between the two groups.(%, 14.3 vs 12.0; p=1.000) However, the time interval for definitive fixation and definitive fixation in the time-window of opportunity showed better results.
CONCLUSION
The trauma team approach has positive effects, which include initial resuscitation through multidisciplinary approach and shortening the time interval to definitive fixation, on the management of hemodynamically unstable pelvic bone fracture.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effects of a Trauma Team Approach on the Management of Open Extremity Fractures in Polytrauma Patients: A Retrospective Comparative Study
    Seungyeob Sakong, Eic Ju Lim, Jun-Min Cho, Nak-Jun Choi, Jae-Woo Cho, Jong-Keon Oh
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2021; 34(2): 105.     CrossRef
Treatment Strategy of Transcatheter Arterial Embolization after Pelvic CT Angiography in Traumatic Pelvic Hemorrhage: A Single Regional Emergency Center's Experience
Yu Jin Lee, Hwan Jun Jae, Won Chul Cha, Jun Seok Seo, Hyo Cheol Kim, Cheong Il Shin, Sang Do Shin
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2009;22(2):184-192.
  • 1,062 View
  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment strategy of transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CT angiography (CTA) in cases of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage.
METHODS
This is a retrospective analysis of pelvic hemorrhage patients who underwent transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CTA at our regional emergency center during a 31-month period. We reviewed the medical records and imagings of all these patients.
RESULTS
Transcatheter arterial embolization was performed in 17 patients (M:F=7:10, mean age=53.9) who underwent pelvic CTA for the evaluation of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage. Arterial bleeding was demonstrated on pelvic CTA in all patients, and the combined injury was also noted in 13 patients. The admission-to-CTA time was 84.53+/-66.92 minutes, and the CTA-to-embolization time was 147.65+/-99.97 minutes. Extravasation of contrast media or pseudoaneurysm was demonstrated on conventional angiography in all patients. Unilateral iliac artery embolization was performed in 8 patients, and bilateral iliac artery embolization was performed in 9 patients. Additional embolizations other than in the iliac arteries were performed in 7 patients. Initial hemostasis was achieved in 16 patients. One patient died of ongoing pelvic bleeding. Rebleeding occurred in only one patient and hemostasis was achieved with the second embolization. Another patient died of intracranial and facial bleeding in spite of pelvic hemostasis. The overall mortality was 11.8%, and there was no significant adverse effects in the other patients.
CONCLUSION
Transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CTA is an effective treatment strategy in the management of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage patients.
Summary
Case Report
Retroperitoneal Gauze Packing with Vacuum-Associated Closure for Pelvic Fracture with Hemodynamic Instability
Sung Jeep Kim, Ji Hoon T Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2014;27(2):29-32.
  • 1,134 View
  • 8 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pelvic bone fracture with hemodynamic instability is fatal and the mortality rate can range up to 40%. Despite the big advances in the treatment of massive bleeding and hemorrhagic shock, the mortality associated with hemodynamically unstable pelvic bone fractures remains high. The gold standard of treatment for pelvic bone fracture with hemodynamic instability has not yet been determined and is an issue of main discussion among many doctors. Retroperitoneal packing is not yet wide spread in Korea, but is a good modality for managing of massive bleeding from pelvic bone fractures when an angiography suite or an expert surgeon is not available. A vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system can also be applied with retroperitoneal packing in the manner of damage control surgery and open abdomen surgery. We present the case of a 51-year-old male who had a pelvic bone fracture with massive bleeding. We performed retroperitoneal gauze packing with a VAC system for the first time. The postoperative vital signs of patient were immediately stable, the massive bleeding was easily and quickly controlled, and the amount of transfusion of blood components was reduced.
Summary
Original Article
Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism in Pelvic and Acetabular Fractures in the Korean Population
Sang Ki Lee, Jae Won Lee, Jung Joo Hwang
J Trauma Inj. 2013;26(3):74-80.
  • 1,119 View
  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
There are no detailed reports on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pelvic and acetabular fractures in the Asian population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of VTE in pelvic and acetabular fractures in the Korean population.
METHODS
The cases of 67 Korean patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures treated at our hospital from January 2009 to February 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Until May 2010, VTE screening was performed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography (US) when the D-dimer value did not decline predictably, still exceeded 20 microg/ml at 5 days after trauma and surgery, or increased to greater than 20 microg/ml after a period of decline. After May 2010, contrast-enhanced CT and US were performed routinely irrespective of the D-dimer value. Physical prophylaxis was performed on all patients. The effects of the presence of a pelvic and/or acetabular fracture, and the effects of fracture type, accompanying injuries, and screening strategies on the incidences of VTE were investigated.
RESULTS
Overall, 26 patients(38.8%) were diagnosed with VTE and PTE in 14(20.9%). All were asymptomatic. Significantly higher incidences of VTE and PTE were observed in trauma patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures than in trauma patients without pelvic and acetabula fractures treated during the same period. No significant differences were observed in the incidences of VTE and PTE between patients with pelvic fractures, and patients with acetabular fractures or between patients with and without accompanying injuries. Compared with the previous screening strategy, the detection rates for VTE and PTE were higher for the newer screening strategy; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance.
CONCLUSION
In the Korean population, we should be vigilant for a high incidence of VTE, especially PTE, in patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury