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3 "Pericardium"
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Case Reports
Celiac Artery Compression After a Spine Fracture, and Pericardium Rupture After Blunt Trauma: A Case Report from a Single Injury
Joongsuck Kim, Hyun Min Cho, Sung Hwan Kim, Seong Hoon Jung, Jeong Eun Sohn, Kwangmin Lee
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(2):130-135.   Published online June 10, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0053
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  • 68 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Celiac artery compression is a rare condition in which the celiac artery is compressed by the median arcuate ligament. Case reports of compression after trauma are hard to find. Blunt traumatic pericardium rupture is also a rare condition. We report a single patient who experienced both rare conditions from a single blunt injury. An 18-year-old woman was brought to the trauma center after a fatal motorcycle accident, in which she was a passenger. The driver was found dead. Her vital signs were stable, but she complained of mild abdominal pain, chest wall pain, and severe back pain. There were no definite neurologic deficits. Her initial computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple rib fractures, moderate lung contusions with hemothorax, moderate liver injury, and severe lumbar spine fracture and dislocation. She was brought to the angiography room to check for active bleeding in the liver, which was not apparent. However, the guide wire was not able to pass through the celiac trunk. A review of the initial CT revealed kinking of the celiac trunk, which was assumed to be due to altered anatomy of the median arcuate ligament caused by spine fractures. Immediate fixation of the vertebrae was performed. During recovery, her hemothorax remained loculated. Suspecting empyema, thoracotomy was performed at 3 weeks after admission, revealing organized hematoma without pus formation, as well as rupture of the pericardium, which was immediately sutured, and decortication was carried out. Five weeks after admission, she had recovered without complications and was discharged home.

Summary
Intraoperative Diagnosis of a Pericardial Injury Associated with Multiple Diaphragmatic Ruptures in a Patient with Abdominal Blunt Trauma
Do Wan Kim, In Seok Jeong, Kook Joo Na, Sang Yun Song, Kyo Seon Lee, Seung Ku Kang
J Trauma Inj. 2016;29(4):180-183.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2016.29.4.180
  • 1,591 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A diaphragmatic injury is uncommon, but occurs more frequently with injury to other organs. Particularly, a diaphragmatic accompanied by a pericardial injury is very rare. The authors report a case of incidentally detecting a pericardial injury during surgery for a diaphragmatic injury due to abdominal blunt trauma.
Summary
Traumatic Pericardial Rupture: A Case Report
Il Hwan Park, Joong Hwan Oh, Seung Hoon Seong
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2009;22(1):116-118.
  • 1,063 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pericardial rupture due to blunt trauma is very rare, but can lead to serious complications. It occurs mainly on the left, is found incidentally during surgery, and is seldom discovered radiologically unless accompanied by cardiac herniation. The following case describes a 53-year-old traffic-accident victim who received emergency pericardial repair and bleeding control via an exploratory thoracotomy and an exploratory laparatomy. The patient was discharged without any complication and remained healthy at six month after injury.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury