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HOME > J Trauma Inj > Volume 28(1); 2015 > Article
Management of Femoropopliteal Vascular Injuries after Trauma: Surgical Outcomes
Sung Wook Chang, Sun Han, Kyoung Min Ryu, Jae Wook Ryu
Journal of Trauma and Injury 2015;28(1):15-20
Published online: March 30, 2015
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1Trauma Center, Dankook University Hospital, Korea.
2Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Dankook University Hospital, Korea.
Received: 17 November 2014   • Revised: 2 December 2014   • Accepted: 18 March 2015

Vascular injuries caused by traffic, industrial accidents and by outside activities have increased in Korea. Especially, vascular injuries to the extremities can lead to limb loss and even mortality if they are not appropriately treated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of femoropopliteal vascular management after trauma.
The medical records of 12 patients with femoropopliteal vascular injuries who were treated at Dankook University Hospital from 2011 to 2013 were reviewed. Iatrogenic vascular injuries were excluded. The clinical data including the causes of injury, associated injuries and surgical outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.
All patients were male, with a mean age of 46.8+/-16.3 years (range: 26~69 years). The causes of vascular injuries were four traffic accidents, three industrial accidents, two iron plates, one outside activity, one glass injury and one knife injury. The average transit time between the place of the accident place and the emergency department was 3.0+/-2.1 (0.5~12.5) hours, and the average preparation time for surgery was 8.0+/-6.7 (1.7~23.3) hours. The anatomic injuries included the popliteal vessel in seven cases and the femoral vessel in five cases. The average Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 12.0+/-5.0 (5~17), and the average Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS) was 5.7+/-2.1 (2~9). The operation methods were four interposition grafts, three end-to-end anastomoses, two direct repairs and three patch angioplasties. One case required amputation of the injured extremity.
Early recognition and revascularization of the injured vessel are mandatory to reduce limb loss and to obtain satisfactory outcomes. Therefore, careful/rapid evaluation of the vascular injuries and timely/successful surgical treatment are the keys to salvaging an injured limb.

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