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Journal of the Korean Society of Traumatology 2004;17(1):37-48.
The Status of Incidence and The Prognostic Factorsin Geriatric Trauma Patients
Young-Mo Yang, M.D., Eun-Sook Kim, N.R.*
Department of Emergency Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, Emergency Medical center, Eulji University Hospital*
노인외상 환자의 발생 실태 및 예후에 관한 조사
양영모·김은숙*
을지대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실, 응급의료센터*
Abstract
Purpose
This study was to survey on the incidence status and the prognostic factors in geriatric trauma patients Method: The patients were older than 65 years and the number of patients was 231 who visited one of the emergency medical center in Daejon from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002. Results & Conclusions: (1) Although the onset time of geriatric trauma was most common at 12-18 o’clock and the onset season was common in autumn, the statistical significance was none. The statistical significance of the injured parts and the type of injury by season were none. (2) Slip down and traffic accidents, in order, were common as the types of trauma. As the injured parts by slip down and traffic accidents, the extremities and pelvic area were common. As the location of trauma, the room and the road were common. (3) Below 15 points of ISS were most common and above 16 points were common at the head and neck injuries. (4) Age, marital state, history of illness, injured parts, and ISS had no influence on the admission period. The complication had influence on ICU admission period. The traffic accidents was associated with the longer total admission period than any other types of trauma. (5) The group above 75 years of the age, the group having no spouse, the injuries at the extremities and pelvic area, above 16 points of ISS showed the significant functional changes after discharge.
Key Words: Geniatric trauma; Prognostic factors; Incidence


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