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Journal of the Korean Society of Traumatology 2004;17(2):197-205.
A Comparison of Characteristics in Pediatric
Trauma Patients under 7 Years
Ji Young You, M.D., Jae Il Lee, M.D., Ji Yeong Ryu, M.D.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University
학령전기 소아외상 환자의 연령별 비교 연구
유지영·이재일·유지영
한림대학교 의과대학 강동성심병원 응급의학과
Abstract
Background: Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for children. This study was conducted to describe the characteristics of pediatric trauma and to compare the differences of two groups based on age. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients under 7 years of age admitted to our emergency department after a trauma from January 2003 through June 2003. The patients were divided into two groups based on age: group A (infant/toddlers, 0~3 years) and group B (preschool children, 4~6 years). Results: The most common cause of trauma was slip down in both groups. Fall down and burn were more frequent in group A, automobile and bicycle accident were more frequent in group B(p=0.000). The most common place of trauma was house in both groups, but other places were more frequent in group B(p=0.000). The most common trauma related device was furniture/electronics in group A, sporting goods in group B(p=0.002). Conclusions: From this study, we found statistically significant differences between the groups. Knowledge of age-related characteristics could result in improved diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of these injuries.
Key Words: Pediatrics; Age groups; Trauma; Injury Severity Score; Prevention


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