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8 "Endovascular procedure"
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Case Reports
Endovascular treatment of traumatic iliac venous injury combined with phlegmasia cerulea dolens in Korea: a case report
Suyoung Park, Jeong Ho Kim, Jung Han Hwang, Jayun Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(2):157-160.   Published online December 1, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2022.0039
  • 1,515 View
  • 52 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Traumatic iliac venous injury is rare but can be fatal. Although surgical management is considered a primary treatment method, urgent treatment is required when deep venous thrombosis and subsequent phlegmasia cerulea dolens is combined. It is difficult to treat by surgical management, and pharmaceutic thrombolysis cannot be applied due to the trauma history. Here, we describe a case of unilateral traumatic iliac venous injury and subsequent diffuse venous thrombosis in the affected iliofemoral and infrapopliteal veins, combined with phlegmasia cerulea dolens, treated with endovascular management, including bare metal stent insertion and aspiration thrombectomy.
Summary
Successful endovascular embolization for traumatic subcutaneous abdominal wall hematoma via the superficial inferior epigastric artery: a case report
Sung Nam Moon, Sang Hyun Seo, Hyun Seok Jung
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(2):128-130.   Published online June 10, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0079
  • 2,875 View
  • 115 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Abdominal wall hematoma (AWH) after blunt trauma is common, and most cases can be treated conservatively. More invasive treatment is required in patients with traumatic AWH if active bleeding is identified or there is no response to medical treatment. Herein, we report a case of endovascular embolization for traumatic subcutaneous AWH. Almost endovascular treatment for AHW is done through the deep inferior epigastric artery. However, in this case, the superficial inferior epigastric artery was the bleeding focus and embolization target. After understanding the vascular system of the abdominal wall, an endovascular approach and embolization is a safe and effective treatment option for AWH.

Summary
Original Article
Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon occlusion of the aorta in Impending Traumatic arrest: Is It Effective?
Jae Sik Chung, Oh Hyun Kim, Seongyup Kim, Ji Young Jang, Gyo Jin An, Pil Young Jung
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(1):23-30.   Published online March 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.001
  • 4,949 View
  • 140 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

Hemorrhagic shock is the leading cause of death in trauma patients worldwide. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a technique used to improve the hemodynamic stability of patients with traumatic shock and to temporarily control arterial hemorrhage. However, further research is required to determine whether REBOA with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in near-arrest or arrest trauma patients can help resuscitation. We analyzed trauma patients who underwent REBOA according to their CPR status and evaluated the effects of REBOA in arrest situations.

Methods

This study was a retrospective single-regional trauma center study conducted at a tertiary medical institution from February 2017 to November 2019. We evaluated the mortality of severely injured patients who underwent REBOA and analyzed the factors that influenced the outcome. Patients were divided into CPR and non-CPR groups.

Results

We reviewed 1,596 trauma patients with shock, of whom 23 patients underwent REBOA (1.4%). Two patients were excluded due to failure and a repeated attempt of REBOA. The Glasgow Coma Scale score was lower in the CPR group than in the non-CPR group (p=0.009). Blood pressure readings at the emergency room were lower in the CPR group than in the non-CPR group, including systolic blood pressure (p=0.012), diastolic blood pressure (p=0.002), and mean arterial pressure (p=0.008). In addition, the mortality rate was higher in the CPR group (100%) than in the non-CPR group (50%) (p=0.012). The overall mortality rate was 76.2%.

Conclusions

Our study suggests that if REBOA is deemed necessary in a timely manner, it is better to perform REBOA before an arrest occurs. Therefore, appropriate protocols, including pre-hospital REBOA, should be constructed to demonstrate the effectiveness of REBOA in reducing mortality in arrest or impending arrest patients.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An Early Experience of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the Republic of Korea: A Retrospective Multicenter Study
    Joonhyeon Park, Sung Woo Jang, Byungchul Yu, Gil Jae Lee, Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim, Ye Rim Chang, Pil Young Jung
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2020; 33(3): 144.     CrossRef
  • Pitfalls, Complications, and Necessity of Education about REBOA: A Single Regional Trauma Center Study
    Sol Kim, Jae Sik Chung, Sung Woo Jang, Pil Young Jung
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2020; 33(3): 153.     CrossRef
Case Reports
Aortoesophageal Fistula after Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair for Blunt Thoracic Aortic Injury
Masakazu Nitta, Taro Tamakawa, Natsuo Kamimura, Tadayuki Honda, Hiroshi Endoh
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(3):172-175.   Published online September 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2019.023
  • 3,331 View
  • 41 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Although thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has grown to become the standard of care to treat blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI), the long-term effects of TEVAR are still unclear. We here present a 72-year-old man with BTAI due to a traffic accident. He successfully underwent TEVAR and was transferred to another rehabilitation hospital 2 months after the accident. However, 1 month later, he underwent gastroscopy with fever and hematemesis and was diagnosed with aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF). After being re-transferred to Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, we tried to convince him to undergo surgical treatment, but he strongly refused. He received palliative care and died due to rupture of the aortic pseudoaneurysm 3 days after the hospital transfer. Fatal complications like AEF may occur after TEVAR, so clinicians need to carefully follow patients who underwent TEVAR.

Summary
Endovascular Salvage for Traumatic Midthoracic Aortic Rupture with Left Diaphragmatic Injury
Shin-Ah Son, Tak-Hyuk Oh, Gun-Jik Kim, Deok Heon Lee, Kyoung Hoon Lim
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(2):66-71.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.31.2.66
  • 3,041 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Patients with traumatic aortic rupture rarely reach the hospital alive. Even among those who arrive at the hospital alive, traumatic aortic rupture after high-speed motor vehicle accidents leads to a high in-hospital mortality rate and is associated with other major injuries. Here, we report a rare case of descending midthoracic aortic rupture with blunt diaphragmatic rupture. Successful management with emergency laparotomy after an immediate endovascular procedure resulted in a favorable prognosis in this case.

Summary
Type B Aortic Dissection with Visceral Artery Involvement Following Blunt Trauma: A Case Report
Ahram Han, Min A Lee, Youngeun Park, Jin Mo Kang, Jung Ho Kim, Jungnam Lee
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):206-211.   Published online December 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2017.30.4.206
  • 4,046 View
  • 57 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Aortic dissection caused by blunt trauma is a rare injury that can be complicated by malperfusion syndrome resulting from obstruction of branch vessels of the aorta. Here, we present a case of traumatic type B aortic dissection with right renal and small bowel ischemia, successfully managed by endovascular fenestration.

Summary
Urgent Endovascular Stent Graft Placement for Iatrogenic Subclavian Artery Rupture
Byung Woo Kang, Jun Ho BAE, Jin Wook Chung, Byeong Joo Jo, Jun Gi Park, Deuk Young Nah
J Trauma Inj. 2015;28(2):83-86.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2015.28.2.83
  • 1,713 View
  • 4 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Central venous cannulation is one of the most commonly performed procedures for critically ill patients in the emergency room. Serious complications like a rupture of subclavian artery may occur during this procedure. We report a case of successful stent graft deployment for iatrogenic ruptured subclavian artery after attempted right subclavian vein catheterization in a 31 year-old female patient with hypovolemic shock due to cervical os laceration during vaginal delivery.
Summary
Treatment of Subclavian Artery Injury in Multiple Trauma Patients by Using an Endovascular Approach: Two Cases
Jayun Cho, Heekyung Jung, Hyung Kee Kim, Kyoung Hoon Lim, Jinyoung Park, Seung Huh
J Trauma Inj. 2013;26(3):243-247.
  • 966 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of subclavian artery (SA) injury is challenging because approaching the lesion directly and clamping the proximal artery is difficult. This can be overcome by using an endovascular technique.
CASE
1: A 37-year-old male was drawn into the concrete mixer truck. He had a right SA injury with multiple traumatic injuries: an open fracture of the right leg with posterior tibial artery (PTA) injury, a right hemothorax, and fractures of the clavicle, scapula, ribs, cervical spine and nasal bone. The injury severity score (ISS) was 27. Computed tomography (CT) showed a 30-mm-length thrombotic occlusion in the right SA, which was 15 mm distal to the vertebral artery (VA). A self-expandable stent(8 mmx40 mm in size) was deployed through the right femoral artery while preserving VA flow, and the radial pulse was palpable after deployment. Other operations were performed sequentially. He had a viable right arm during a 13-month follow-up period.
CASE
2: A 25-year-old male was admitted to our hospital due to a motorcycle accident. The ISS was 34 because of a hemothorax and open fractures of the mandible and the left hand. Intraoperative angiography was done through a right femoral artery puncture. Contrast extravasation of the SA was detected just outside the left rib cage. After balloon catheter had been inflated just proximal to the bleeding site, direct surgical exploration was performed through infraclavicular skin incision. The transected SA was identified, and an interposition graft was performed using a saphenous vein graft. Other operations were performed sequentially. He had a viable left arm during a 15-month follow-up period.
CONCLUSION
The challenge of repairing an SA injury can be overcome by using an endovascular approach.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury