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2 "Minimally invasive surgical procedure"
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Original Article
Percutaneous two unilateral iliosacral S1 screw fixation for pelvic ring injuries: a retrospective review of 38 patients
Whee Sung Son, Jae-Woo Cho, Nam-Ryeol Kim, Jun-Min Cho, Nak-Jun Choi, Jong-Keon Oh, HanJu Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(1):34-42.   Published online November 3, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0075
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Percutaneous iliosacral (IS) screw fixation for pelvic ring injuries is a minimally invasive technique that reduces the amount of blood loss and shortens the procedure time. Moreover, two unilateral IS S1 screws exhibit superior stability to a single IS screw and are also safer for neurological injuries than an S2 screw. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate fixation using percutaneous two unilateral IS S1 screws for pelvic ring injuries and its subsequent clinical outcomes. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 38 patients who underwent percutaneous two unilateral IS S1 screw fixation for pelvic ring injuries. The procedure time, blood loss, achievement of bone union, radiological outcomes (Matta and Tornetta grade), and postoperative complications were evaluated. Results: The mean procedure time, hemoglobin loss, bone union rate, and time to union were 40.1 minutes (range, 18–102), 0.6 g/dL (range, 0.3–1.0), 100%, and 153.2 days (range, 61–327), respectively. The Matta and Tornetta grades were excellent, good, and fair in 24 (63.1%), 11 (28.9%), and 3 patients (7.9%), respectively, and the postoperative complications were S1 screw loosening, widening of the symphysis pubis (2.3 and 2.5 mm), lumbosacral plexopathy, and S1 radiculopathy in one (2.6%), two (5.3%), one (2.6%), and one patient (2.6%), respectively. However, all neurological complications recovered spontaneously. Conclusions: Percutaneous two unilateral IS S1 screw fixation was useful for treating pelvic ring injuries. In particular, it involved a short procedure time with little blood loss and also led to 100% bone union and good radiological outcomes.
Summary
Case Report
Minimally Invasive Stabilization with Percutaneous Screws Fixation of APC-3 Pelvic Ring Injury
Beom-Soo Kim, Jong-Keon Oh, Jae-Woo Cho, Do-Hyun Yeo, Jun-Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):60-65.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.015
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AbstractAbstract PDF

Pelvic fractures are associated with life-threatening injuries and high rates of morbidity and mortality. Management of internal blood loss associated with unstable pelvic ring injuries is paramount during the initial period. The reconstruction of the pelvic ring is of importance because it is a major contributor to the stability of the pelvic ring. We report the case of a 25-year-old man who had an unstable pelvic ring fracture combined with rupture of an obturator artery and had a successful and satisfactory treatment using minimally invasive surgery with percutaneous antegrade screw fixation.

Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury