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6 "Therapeutic embolization"
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Case Reports
Exercise-induced traumatic muscle injuries with active bleeding successfully treated by embolization: three case reports
Yoonjung Heo, Hye Lim Kang, Dong Hun Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(3):219-222.   Published online September 28, 2022
  • 1,798 View
  • 44 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Muscle injuries caused by indirect trauma during exercise are common. Most of these injuries can be managed conservatively; however, further treatment is required in extreme cases. Although transcatheter arterial embolization is a possible treatment modality, its role in traumatic muscle injuries remains unclear. In this case series, we present three cases of exercise-induced muscle hemorrhage treated by transcatheter arterial embolization with successful outcomes. The damaged muscles were the rectus abdominis, adductor longus, and iliopsoas, and the vascular injuries were accessed via the femoral artery during the procedures.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Thermal and Magnetic Dual-Responsive Catheter-Assisted Shape Memory Microrobots for Multistage Vascular Embolization
    Qianbi Peng, Shu Wang, Jianguo Han, Chenyang Huang, Hengyuan Yu, Dong Li, Ming Qiu, Si Cheng, Chong Wu, Mingxue Cai, Shixiong Fu, Binghan Chen, Xinyu Wu, Shiwei Du, Tiantian Xu
    Research.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Endovascular treatment of penetrating nail gun injury of the cervical spine and vertebral artery: a case report
Alexei Christodoulides, Scott Mitchell, Bradley N. Bohnstedt
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(3):223-227.   Published online May 26, 2022
  • 2,040 View
  • 71 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In this report, we present a case of high cervical penetrating trauma with vertebral artery injury and outline preprocedural, procedural, and postprocedural considerations with recommendations for the treatment of similar injuries. Management involves multiple imaging modalities, including X-ray imaging, computed tomography, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and catheter angiography. We recommend endovascular treatment of these injuries when possible, based on the improved ability to achieve proximal and distal control and manage hemorrhage risk.
Non-Operative Management of Traumatic Gallbladder Bleeding with Cystic Artery Injury: A Case Report
Tae Hoon Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(3):208-211.   Published online August 19, 2021
  • 2,910 View
  • 67 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Gallbladder injuries are rare in cases of blunt abdominal trauma and are usually associated with damage to other internal organs. If the physician does not suspect gallbladder injury and check imaging studies carefully, it may be difficult to distinguish a gallbladder injury from gallbladder stone, hematoma, or bleeding. Therefore, in order not to miss the diagnosis, the clinical findings and correlation should be confirmed. In the present case, a 60-year-old male presented to a local trauma center complaining of pain in the upper right quadrant and chest wall following a motor vehicle collision. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a hepatic laceration and hematoma in the parenchyma in segments 4, 5, and 6 and active bleeding in the lumen of the gallbladder. Traumatic gallbladder injuries generally require surgery, but in this case, non-operative management was possible with cautious follow-up consisting of abdominal CT and angiography with repeated physical examinations and hemodynamic monitoring in the intensive care unit.

Minimally Invasive Stabilization with Percutaneous Screws Fixation of APC-3 Pelvic Ring Injury
Beom-Soo Kim, Jong-Keon Oh, Jae-Woo Cho, Do-Hyun Yeo, Jun-Min Cho
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):60-65.   Published online March 31, 2019
  • 6,133 View
  • 123 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Pelvic fractures are associated with life-threatening injuries and high rates of morbidity and mortality. Management of internal blood loss associated with unstable pelvic ring injuries is paramount during the initial period. The reconstruction of the pelvic ring is of importance because it is a major contributor to the stability of the pelvic ring. We report the case of a 25-year-old man who had an unstable pelvic ring fracture combined with rupture of an obturator artery and had a successful and satisfactory treatment using minimally invasive surgery with percutaneous antegrade screw fixation.

Original Articles
Management of High-grade Blunt Renal Trauma
Min A Lee, Myung Jin Jang, Gil Jae Lee
J Trauma Inj. 2017;30(4):192-196.   Published online December 30, 2017
  • 4,366 View
  • 164 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Blunt injury accounts for 80?95% of renal injury trauma in the United States. The majority of blunt renal injuries are low grade and 80?85% of these injuries can be managed conservatively. However, there is a debate on the management of patients with high-grade renal injury. We reviewed our experience of renal trauma at our trauma center to assess management strategy for high-grade blunt renal injury.


We reviewed blunt renal injury cases admitted at a single trauma center between August 2007 and December 2015. Computed tomography (CT) scan was used to diagnose renal injuries and high?grade (according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma [AAST] organ injury scale III?V) renal injury patients were included in the analysis.


During the eight?year study period, there were 62 AAST grade III?V patients. 5 cases underwent nephrectomy and 57 underwent non-operative management (NOM). There was no difference in outcome between the operative group and the NOM group. In the NOM group, 24 cases underwent angioembolization with a 91% success rate. The Incidence of urological complications correlated with increasing grade.


Conservative management of high-grade blunt renal injury was considered preferable to operative management, with an increased renal salvage rate. However, high-grade injuries have higher complication rates, and therefore, close observation is recommended after conservative management.



Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Functional range of the kidney after a low-severity injury: a randomized study
    K. A. Chiglintsev, A. V. Zyryаnov, A. Yu. Chiglintsev, A. A. Makarian
    Diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy.2023; 14(2): 74.     CrossRef
  • Outcome of Kidney Trauma Management: Experiences from a Tertiary Referral Hospital in East Indonesia
    Yufi Aulia Azmi, Danang Irsayanto, Kevin Muliawan Soetanto, Johan Renaldo, Soetojo Wirjopranoto
    Biomolecular and Health Science Journal.2023; 6(2): 135.     CrossRef
    Vipul Bakshi, Tariq A Mir, Harmandeep Singh Chahal
  • Management of renal injury in a UK major trauma centre
    Robert Torrance, Abigail Kwok, David Mathews, Matthew Elliot, Andrew Baird, Marc A Lucky
    Trauma.2020; 22(1): 26.     CrossRef
  • Renal trauma: a 5-year retrospective review in single institution
    Syarif, Achmad M. Palinrungi, Khoirul Kholis, Muhammad Asykar Palinrungi, Syakri Syahrir, Reinaldo Sunggiardi, Muhammad Faruk
    African Journal of Urology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Treatment Strategy of Transcatheter Arterial Embolization after Pelvic CT Angiography in Traumatic Pelvic Hemorrhage: A Single Regional Emergency Center's Experience
Yu Jin Lee, Hwan Jun Jae, Won Chul Cha, Jun Seok Seo, Hyo Cheol Kim, Cheong Il Shin, Sang Do Shin
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2009;22(2):184-192.
  • 1,122 View
  • 5 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment strategy of transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CT angiography (CTA) in cases of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage.
This is a retrospective analysis of pelvic hemorrhage patients who underwent transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CTA at our regional emergency center during a 31-month period. We reviewed the medical records and imagings of all these patients.
Transcatheter arterial embolization was performed in 17 patients (M:F=7:10, mean age=53.9) who underwent pelvic CTA for the evaluation of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage. Arterial bleeding was demonstrated on pelvic CTA in all patients, and the combined injury was also noted in 13 patients. The admission-to-CTA time was 84.53+/-66.92 minutes, and the CTA-to-embolization time was 147.65+/-99.97 minutes. Extravasation of contrast media or pseudoaneurysm was demonstrated on conventional angiography in all patients. Unilateral iliac artery embolization was performed in 8 patients, and bilateral iliac artery embolization was performed in 9 patients. Additional embolizations other than in the iliac arteries were performed in 7 patients. Initial hemostasis was achieved in 16 patients. One patient died of ongoing pelvic bleeding. Rebleeding occurred in only one patient and hemostasis was achieved with the second embolization. Another patient died of intracranial and facial bleeding in spite of pelvic hemostasis. The overall mortality was 11.8%, and there was no significant adverse effects in the other patients.
Transcatheter arterial embolization after pelvic CTA is an effective treatment strategy in the management of traumatic pelvic hemorrhage patients.

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury