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Original Articles
Analysis of procedural performance after a pilot course on endovascular training for resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta
Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim, Dae Sung Ma, Ye Rim Chang
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(1):3-7.   Published online September 22, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2022.0022
  • 1,483 View
  • 57 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
As resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is performed in an extremely emergent situation, achieving competent clinical practice is mandatory. Although there are several educational courses that teach the REBOA procedure, there have been no reports evaluating the impact of training on clinical practice. Therefore, this study is aimed to evaluate the effects of the course on procedural performance during resuscitation and on clinical outcomes.
Methods
Patients who were managed at a regional trauma center in Dankook University Hospital from August 2016 to February 2018 were included and were grouped as precourse (August 2016–August 2017, n=9) and postcourse (September 2017–February 2018, n=9). Variables regarding injury, parameters regarding REBOA procedure, morbidity, and mortality were prospectively collected and reviewed for comparison between the groups.
Results
Demographics and REBOA variables did not differ between groups. The time required from arterial puncture to balloon inflation was significantly shortened from 9.0 to 5.0 minutes (P=0.003). There were no complications associated with REBOA after the course. Mortality did not show any statistical difference before and after the course.
Conclusions
The endovascular training for REBOA pilot course, which uses a modified form of flipped learning, realistic simulation of ultrasound-guided catheter insertion and balloon manipulation, and competence assessment, significantly improved procedural performance during resuscitation of trauma patients.
Summary
Single-Center Clinical Analysis of Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injuries: A Retrospective Observational Study
Dae Sung Ma, Yang Bin Jeon
J Trauma Inj. 2021;34(2):81-86.   Published online June 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0019
  • 3,163 View
  • 102 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

This study investigated the clinical outcomes of trauma patients with blunt thoracic aortic injuries at a single institution.

Methods

During the study period, 9,501 patients with traumatic aortic injuries presented to Trauma Center of Gil Medical Center. Among them, 1,594 patients had severe trauma, with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of >15. Demographics, physiological data, injury mechanism, hemodynamic parameters associated with the thoracic injury according to chest computed tomography (CT) findings, the timing of the intervention, and clinical outcomes were reviewed.

Results

Twenty-eight patients had blunt aortic injuries (75% male, mean age, 45.9±16.3 years). The majority (82.1%, n=23/28) of these patients were involved in traffic accidents. The median ISS was 35.0 (interquartile range 21.0–41.0). The injuries were found in the ascending aorta (n=1, 3.6%) aortic arch (n=8, 28.6%) aortic isthmus (n=18, 64.3%), and descending aorta (n=1, 3.6%). The severity of aortic injuries on chest CT was categorized as intramural hematoma (n=1, 3.6%), dissection (n=3, 10.7%), transection (n=9, 32.2%), pseudoaneurysm (n=12, 42.8%), and rupture (n=3, 10.7%). Endovascular repair was performed in 71.4% of patients (45% within 24 hours), and two patients received surgical management. The mortality rate was 25% (n=7).

Conclusions

Traumatic thoracic aortic injuries are life-threatening. In our experience, however, if there is no rupture and extravasation from an aortic injury, resuscitation and stabilization of vital signs are more important than an intervention for an aortic injury in patients with multiple traumas. Further study is required to optimize the timing of the intervention and explore management strategies for blunt thoracic aortic injuries in severe trauma patients needing resuscitation.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Patterns, management options and outcome of blunt thoracic aortic injuries: a 20-year experience from a Tertiary Care Hospital
    Hassan Al-Thani, Suhail Hakim, Mohammad Asim, Kaleem Basharat, Ayman El-Menyar
    European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery.2022; 48(5): 4079.     CrossRef
An Early Experience of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the Republic of Korea: A Retrospective Multicenter Study
Joonhyeon Park, Sung Woo Jang, Byungchul Yu, Gil Jae Lee, Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim, Ye Rim Chang, Pil Young Jung
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(3):144-152.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0051
  • 4,106 View
  • 108 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

This retrospective multicenter study analyzed trauma patients who underwent resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in the Republic of Korea.

Methods

This study was conducted from February 2017 to May 2018 at three regional trauma centers in the Republic of Korea. The patients were divided into two groups (cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR] and No-CPR) for comparative analysis based on two criteria (complication and mortality) for logistic regression analysis (LRA).

Results

There were significant differences between the CPR and No-CPR groups in mortality (p=0.003) and treatment administered (p=0.016). By LRA for complications, total occlusion has significantly lesser risk than intermittent or partial occlusion in both univariate (odds ratio [OR] 0.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.00-0.36, p=0.01) and multivariate (OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.00-0.38, p=0.01) analyses. The Rescue had a higher risk than the Coda or Reliant in univariate analysis (OR 4.91, 95% CI 1.14-34.25, p=0.05); however, it was not statistically significant in multivariate analysis (OR 6.98, 95% CI 1.03-74.52, p=0.07). By LRA for mortality, the CPR group was the only variable that had a significantly higher risk of mortality than the No-CPR group in both univariate (OR 17.59, 95% CI 3.05-335.25, p=0.01), and multivariate (OR 24.92, 95% CI 3.77-520.51, p=0.01) analyses.

Conclusions

This study was conducted in the early stages of REBOA implementation in the Republic of Korea and showed conflicting results from studies conducted by multiple institutions. Therefore, additional research with more accumulated data is needed.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Editor's Choice – Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Lower Extremity Vascular Complications after Arterial Access for Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA): An Inevitable Concern?
    Megan Power Foley, Stewart R. Walsh, Nathalie Doolan, Paul Vulliamy, Morgan McMonagle, Christopher Aylwin
    European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surg.2023; 66(1): 103.     CrossRef
  • Early experience with resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for unstable pelvic fractures in the Republic of Korea: a multi-institutional study
    Dong Hun Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Sung Wook Chang, Byung Hee Kang
    European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery.2023; 49(6): 2495.     CrossRef
  • Comparison between external fixation and pelvic binder in patients with pelvic fracture and haemodynamic instability who underwent various haemostatic procedures
    Ji Young Jang, Keum Soek Bae, Byung Hee Kang, Gil Jae Lee
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Pitfalls, Complications, and Necessity of Education about REBOA: A Single Regional Trauma Center Study
Sol Kim, Jae Sik Chung, Sung Woo Jang, Pil Young Jung
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(3):153-161.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0049
  • 5,084 View
  • 126 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an emergency procedure and extremely time-dependent, and the proficiency of the physician is important. Due to a lack of REBOA education programs in Republic of Korea, few physicians have been trained in the procedure. In this study, we examined how REBOA education affects clinical outcomes in a single center.

Methods

A retrospective study conducted from February 2017 to June 2020 at a regional trauma center. We collected data of patients who underwent REBOA and analyzed the factors that influenced the outcome. The patients were divided into the educated and non-educated groups (based on REBOA training received by their physicians), and the success and failure groups.

Results

A total of 24 patients underwent REBOA during the study. There were eight patients in the success group and 16 patients in the failure group. There are no significant differences between the educated and non-educated groups in sex, age, ISS, shock, injury-to-REBOA time, injury mechanism, injury sites, arrest, access site, type of catheter, type of REBOA, target Zone, mortality, and the result of REBOA. The non-educated group had a higher risk for failure compared to the educated group in multivariate analysis (odds ratio [OR] 154.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-22.60).

Conclusions

Failure in REBOA is harmful to patients. The risk of failure is increased in the non-educated group. Physicians working in the trauma center or emergency department need to complete the REBOA education program.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Feasibility and Clinical Outcomes of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta in Patients with Traumatic Shock: A Single-Center 5-Year Experience
    Gyeongho Lee, Dong Hun Kim, Dae Sung Ma, Seok Won Lee, Yoonjung Heo, Hancheol Jo, Sung Wook Chang
    Journal of Chest Surgery.2023; 56(2): 108.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of procedural performance after a pilot course on endovascular training for resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta
    Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim, Dae Sung Ma, Ye Rim Chang
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2023; 36(1): 3.     CrossRef
Review Article
Educational Simulation Videos for Performing Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta
Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim, Ye Rim Chang
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(3):140-143.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0035
  • 4,915 View
  • 106 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been accepted as an adjunct procedure for non-compressible torso hemorrhage in patients with hemorrhagic shock. With appropriate indications, REBOA should be performed for resuscitation regardless of the physician’s specialty. Despite its effectiveness in traumatized patients with hemorrhagic shock, performing REBOA has been challenging due to physicians’ lack of experience. Even though training in endovascular skills is mandatory, many physicians cannot undergo sufficient training because of the limited number of endovascular simulation programs. Herein, we share simulation video clips, including those of a vascular circuit model for simulation; sheath preparation; long guidewire and balloon catheter preparation; ultrasound-guided arterial access; sheath insertion or upsizing; and balloon positioning, inflation, and migration. The aim of this study was to provide educational video clips to improve physicians’ endovascular skills for REBOA.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Feasibility and Clinical Outcomes of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta in Patients with Traumatic Shock: A Single-Center 5-Year Experience
    Gyeongho Lee, Dong Hun Kim, Dae Sung Ma, Seok Won Lee, Yoonjung Heo, Hancheol Jo, Sung Wook Chang
    Journal of Chest Surgery.2023; 56(2): 108.     CrossRef
  • Early experience with resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for unstable pelvic fractures in the Republic of Korea: a multi-institutional study
    Dong Hun Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Sung Wook Chang, Byung Hee Kang
    European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery.2023; 49(6): 2495.     CrossRef
Case Reports
Successful Damage Control Resuscitation with Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta in a Pediatric Patient
Yoonjung Heo, Sung Wook Chang, Dong Hun Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2020;33(3):170-174.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2020.0012
  • 4,067 View
  • 95 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is considered an emerging adjunct therapy for profound hemorrhagic shock, as it can maintain temporary stability until definitive repair of the injury. However, there is limited information about the use of this procedure in children. Herein, we report a case of REBOA in a pediatric patient with blunt trauma, wherein the preoperative deployment of REBOA played a pivotal role in damage control resuscitation. A 7-year-old male patient experienced cardiac arrest after a motor vehicle accident. After 30 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, spontaneous circulation was achieved. The patient was diagnosed with massive hemoperitoneum. REBOA was then performed under ongoing resuscitative measures. An intra-aortic balloon catheter was deployed above the supraceliac aorta, which helped achieved permissive hypotension while the patient was undergoing surgery. After successful bleeding control with small bowel resection for mesenteric avulsion, thorough radiologic evaluations revealed hypoxic brain injury. The patient died from deterioration of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Although the patient did not survive, a postoperative computed tomography scan revealed neither remaining intraperitoneal injury nor peripheral ischemia correlated with the insertion of a 7-Fr sheath. Hence, REBOA can be a successful bridge therapy, and this result may facilitate the further usage of REBOA to save pediatric patients with non-compressible torso hemorrhage.

Summary
Delayed Surgical Management of Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm of the Ascending Aorta in Multiple Trauma
Dae Sung Ma, Sung Jin Kim, Seok Joo, Sung Youl Hyun, Yang Bin Jeon
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(1):29-33.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.31.1.29
  • 3,353 View
  • 49 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Traumatic blunt aortic injury especially on proximal ascending aorta is a rare injury with a few reports. Generally emergency surgical management was performed. In this case, however, in multiple trauma with brain injury, emergency surgical management of aortic injury might result in unexpected secondary injury of the brain. Herein, we report a case of a 33-year-old man who was driving a truck was injured in a head-on collision. Evaluation revealed a pseudoaneurysm on his ascending aorta concomitant with epidural hemorrhage. He was treated by surgical management of his ascending aorta after 3 days from accident. There were no postoperative and neurologic complications and the patient was discharged after 18 days.

Summary
Delayed Ascending Aorta Replacement in Blunt Chest Trauma with Aortic Injury
Shin-Ah Son, Gun-Jik Kim, Young Woo Do, Tak-Hyuk Oh
J Trauma Inj. 2018;31(1):24-28.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.31.1.24
  • 3,260 View
  • 53 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Ascending aortic injury after blunt chest trauma is an emergency condition that requires urgent diagnosis and treatment. The authors report the case of a patient with traumatic ascending aortic injury who received ascending aorta replacement under cardiopulmonary bypass after failure of primary repair.

Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Traumatic Aortic Dissection (Stanford Type A, DeBakey Type II) Caused by Blunt Chest Trauma
    Shuntaro Ito, Kenji Mogi, Manabu Sakurai, Kengo Tani, Masafumi Hashimoto, Yoshiharu Takahara
    Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery.2021; 50(1): 65.     CrossRef

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury