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7 "Traffic accidents"
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Original Articles
Changes in incidence and severity of commercial motorcycle accidents due to the use of delivery service platforms in Korea: a retrospective cohort study
Dam Moon, Jae Ho Jang, Jin Seong Cho, Jae Yeon Choi, Jae-hyug Woo, Woo Sung Choi, Sung Yeol Hyun, Seung Hwan Lee
J Trauma Inj. 2023;36(2):121-127.   Published online September 19, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2022.0031
  • 1,908 View
  • 59 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Recently, a sharp increase in the use of delivery services has led to an increase in motorcycle accidents. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of the commercial motorcycle injured patients and factors related to the severity during the past 10 years.
Methods
Patients (15–64 years old) who visited the emergency department with commercial motorcycle accidents injury registered in the Korean Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance (2011–2020) database, were included. All included cases were categorized into two groups according to the period: group 1 (2011–2015) and group 2 (2016–2020). General characteristics and the factors associated with severity were investigated.
Results
Among 8,123 emergency department visits, patients in group 1 were 3,071, and patients in group 2 were 5,052. The odds for severity were affected by patients age (odds ratio [OR], 1.008; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.004–1.013), and overnight/morning (00:00–12:00; OR, 1.243; 95% CI, 1.091–1.415). The odds for severity were higher in head and neck injury (OR, 8.357; 95% CI, 7.410–9.424) and torso injury (OR, 4.122; 95% CI, 3.610–4.708). The odds for the severity of accidents based on excess mortality ratio-adjusted Injury Severity Score (EMR-ISS) after 2015 were significant (OR, 1.491; 95% CI, 1.318–1.687). Hospitalization in the intensive care unit and death were associated with accidents after 2015 (OR, 2.593; 95% CI, 2.120–3.170).
Conclusions
Commercial motorcycle accidents have increased significantly over the past decade. There were statistical differences in severity based on EMR-ISS and the hospitalization in intensive care unit and death.
Summary
Types of injuries caused by isolated electric scooter accidents
Kyongwon Yoo, Hyung Il Kim
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(4):232-239.   Published online August 5, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2022.0010
  • 2,065 View
  • 55 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The recent increase in electric scooter (e-scooter) use has been accompanied by an increase in injuries from e-scooter–related accidents. Studies have reported that most such injuries are minor, and physicians may therefore underestimate the severity of such injuries. This study investigated the types and severity of injuries caused by isolated e-scooter accidents (i.e., those that did not involve colliding with other cars or falling from heights).
Methods
This prospective observational study was conducted from May to December 2021 at our academic tertiary medical center. The demographic data of patients injured in isolated e-scooter–related accidents were collected. All injuries were categorized by body part.
Results
Fifty eligible patients visited our emergency department during the study period. Of these, 76% were categorized as nonemergency, and 62% were discharged after initial evaluation and treatment at the emergency department. Another 10% were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and 18% to the ward, with nine patients receiving at least one operation. The average hospital stays were 2.4 days in the ICU and 9 days in the ward. One death occurred due to traumatic brain injury (overall mortality rate, 2%). Multiple fractures of the left third through ninth ribs combined with lung laceration and fractures of T12 and L4 were noted.
Conclusions
Various types and severities of injuries can occur in isolated e-scooter accidents. While most such injuries are minor, some will require ICU admission or surgery, and deaths can occur. Physicians should not underestimate the severity of such injuries.
Summary
Impact of obesity on the severity of trauma in patients injured in pedestrian traffic accidents
Pillsung Oh, Jin-Seong Cho, Jae Ho Jang, Jae Yeon Choi, Woo Sung Choi, Byungchul Yu
J Trauma Inj. 2022;35(4):240-247.   Published online December 8, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2021.0050
  • 13,940 View
  • 104 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Studies on the relationship between obesity and injuries, especially those sustained in pedestrian traffic accidents, are lacking. We aimed to assess the effects of obesity on the severity of injury at the time of admission to the emergency room in patients who experienced pedestrian traffic accidents.
Methods
This study included trauma patients registered in the Korean Trauma Database from July 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020, whose mechanism of injury was pedestrian traffic accidents and who were treated at a single institution. Those aged below 15 years were excluded. Patients were assigned to nonobese and obese groups based on a body mass index of 25 kg/m². An Injury Severity Score of 25 or greater was considered to indicate a critical injury.
Results
In total, 679 cases of pedestrian traffic accidents were registered during the study period, and 543 patients were included in the final analysis. Of them, 360 patients (66.3%) and 183 patients (33.7%) were categorized as nonobese and obese, respectively. The median age was significantly higher in the nonobese group than in the obese group (60 vs. 58 years). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio for critical injury in obese patients was 1.59 (95% confidence interval, 1.01–2.48) compared with nonobese patients.
Conclusions
Obesity affected the likelihood of sustaining severe injuries in pedestrian traffic accidents. Future studies should analyze the effects of body mass index on the pattern and severity of injuries in patients with more diverse injury mechanisms using large-scale data.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Changes in incidence and severity of commercial motorcycle accidents due to the use of delivery service platforms in Korea: a retrospective cohort study
    Dam Moon, Jae Ho Jang, Jin Seong Cho, Jae Yeon Choi, Jae-hyug Woo, Woo Sung Choi, Sung Yeol Hyun, Seung Hwan Lee
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2023; 36(2): 121.     CrossRef
  • Pregnancy is associated with more severe injuries from motor vehicle crashes
    Ya-Hui Chang, Yu-Wen Chien, Chiung-Hsin Chang, Ping-Ling Chen, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Chung-Yi Li
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Report
Chronic Dislocation of the Distal Interphalangeal Joints
Junki Shiota, Daisuke Kawamura, Norimasa Iwasaki
J Trauma Inj. 2019;32(1):47-50.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2018.030
  • 9,054 View
  • 99 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF

Irreducible dislocation of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint is a rare traumatic condition commonly seen in sports injuries. Herein, we present a case with chronic dislocation of the DIP joint caused by high energy trauma accompanied by a fracture of the ipsilateral clavicle. The local deformity resulting from the dislocation can be trivial. Therefore, obtaining radiographs of all the interphalangeal joint injuries, regardless of the findings on inspection, is crucial for accurate diagnosis in the case of high energy trauma. The good functional improvement was obtained by open reduction and temporary wire fixation for 4 weeks.

Summary
Original Articles
Injury Analysis of Child Passenger According to the Types of Safety Restraint Systems in Motor Vehicle Crashes
Kang Min Sung, Sang Chul Kim, Hyuk Jin Jeon, Yeong Soo Kwak, Young Han Youn, Kang Hyun Lee, Jong Chan Park, Ji Hun Choi
J Trauma Inj. 2015;28(3):98-103.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20408/jti.2015.28.3.98
  • 1,920 View
  • 4 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
To compare injury sustained and severity of child occupant according to the types of safety restraint systems in motor vehicle crashes.
METHODS
This was a retrospective observational study. The study subjects were child occupants under the age of 8 years who visited a local emergency center following a motor vehicle crash from 2010 to 2014. According to safety restraint: child restraint systems (CRS), belted, and unbelted, we compared injuries sustained and injury severity using the maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale (MAIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS), and analyzed the characteristics of severe injuries (AIS2+).
RESULTS
Among 241 subjects, 9.1% were restrained in CRS, 14.5% were only belted, and 76.3% was unbelted at the time of the crashes. Fourteen had severe injuries (AIS2+), all of whom didn't be restrained by CRS. Injuries in face and neck were the highest in unbelted group, and MAIS and ISS were the lowest in CRS group.
CONCLUSION
Among safety restraint systems for child occupant in motor vehicle crashes, the CRS have the preventive effect of face and neck injuries, and are the most effective safety restraint systems.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predicting child occupant crash injury severity in the United Arab Emirates using machine learning models for imbalanced dataset
    Muhammad Uba Abdulazeez, Wasif Khan, Kassim Abdulrahman Abdullah
    IATSS Research.2023; 47(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • Current use of safety restraint systems and front seats in Korean children based on the 2008–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Seom Gim Kong
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics.2018; 61(12): 381.     CrossRef
Clinical Study of Old-aged Patients in Traffic Accidents and Admitted For Emergency Treatment
Young Hwan Lee, Hyoung Gon Song
J Korean Soc Traumatol. 2006;19(1):74-80.
  • 926 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
For prevention and suitable administration, the effect of age on the severity of injuries in traffic accidents should be considered when evaluating a patient, but there have not been enough epidemiological studies that evaluate the age factor in traffic accidents. For that reason, we investigated old-aged patients who were involved in traffic accidents (65 years old or more) and who were admitted to the emergency department of a college hospital in an urban city of Korea.
METHODS
We collected data from traffic-accident patients who came to the emergency room of a university hospital in Seoul from Jan.1, 2004 to Dec.31, 2005. We compared their abilities to ambulate and the RTSs (Revised trauma scores) by using a LSD (least significant difference), linear regression.
RESULTS
A total of 1460 patients were included. The mean RTS of all traffic-accident patients was 7.77+/-0.280. The scores for drivers and passengers, motor-cycle drivers and passengers, bicycle drivers and passengers, and pedestrians were 7.79+/-0.21, 7.78+/-0.22, 7.54+/-0.25, 7.77+/-0.20, and 7.80+/-0.21 respectively (p=0.000). There was no statistically significant difference between the RTS of patients over 65 years and that of other patients. In a regression analysis, the number of patients over 45 ages who were able to ambulate was lower than that of younger people, independently of other influencing factors (B=-0.330, R-square = 0.243, p=0.000).
CONCLUSION
We expected that RTS of old age group more than 65 years old will significantly lower than that of others, but there was no statistically significant difference.
Summary
Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Geriatric Patients Involved in Traffic Accidents
Tae Su Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Tae Hoon Kim, O Hyun Kim, Yong Sung Cha, Kyung Chul Cha, Sung Oh Hwang
J Trauma Inj. 2014;27(4):101-107.
  • 1,246 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Recently, the population of elderly people has been increasing rapidly all over the world. The social activities of the aging population have increased, which has also increased the number of elderly patients injured in traffic accidents. Thus, we analyzed the characteristics of elderly patients involved in traffic accidents.
METHODS
This study was conducted retrospectively from July 2008 to March 2009 among trauma patients involved in traffic accidents who visited Wonju Severance Christian Hospital. Patients under 18 years of age and pregnant patients were excluded. We divided the patients in two groups, a geriatrics group and an adult group on the basis of an age of 65. We compared the types of traffic accidents, the locations of the accidents, the behaviors of the patients at the times of the accidents, the use of seat-belts, and alcohol consumption between the two groups. We calculated the Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) for each group.
RESULTS
Total number of the included patients was 903, and the number of elderly patients was 181 (mean age: 71.7+/-4.9 years old). There were no significant differences in the initial vital signs, GCS (Glasgow Coma Scale), and RTS between the two groups. There were differences in the types and the locations of the crashes, the behaviors of the patients at the times of the accidents, the use of seat belts, and alcohol consumption between the two groups (p<0.05). The average ISS of the geriatric group was higher than that of the adult group (9.66+/-10.11 vs. 6.59+/-8.99, p=0.004). The mortality was higher in the geriatric group (n=17,9%) than in the adult group (n=23,2%) (p=0.004).
CONCLUSION
The numbers of mortalities and surgical procedures were greater within the elderly group than the adult group. The average ISS was higher in the geriatric group than in the adult group. The severity of injuries due to traffic accidents was higher in the geriatric group than it was in the adult group.
Summary

J Trauma Inj : Journal of Trauma and Injury